308-03B Manual Transmission - Vehicles With: 6-Speed Manual Transmission - B6 2014 Fiesta
Description and Operation Procedure revision date: 04/24/2013

Manual Transmission - System Operation and Component Description

System Operation


1st Gear

2nd Gear

3rd Gear

4th Gear

5th Gear

6th Gear


Component Description

Selector Mechanism

The selector mechanism is the link between the transmission shift cables and the transmission. It is externally mounted on the transmission and is consists of levers and rods which control the shift forks inside the transmission. The shift and selector cables connect to levers on the outside. The selector mechanism is replaced as an assembly.

Input Shaft

The input shaft is the main shaft splined to the clutch disc and turns the gears in the transmission.

The gears on the input shaft mesh with the output shaft gears and provide torque from the engine to the differential. 1st and 2nd gears are fixed and 3rd-6th gears are free to spin on the input shaft.

The input shaft has one roller bearing and one ball bearing.

Output Shaft

The output shaft transfers torque to the ring gear, pinion gears, and differential.

The output shaft has a gear for each drive gear, including reverse. 1st and 2nd gears are free to spin and 3rd-6th gears are fixed on the output shaft. The synchronizers engage the gears locking them to the output shaft.

The output shaft has one roller bearing and one ball bearing.


The ends of the differential are supported on tapered roller differential bearings. The cups for these differential bearings are seated in the transmission case and the flywheel housing. Differential bearing preload is set using a selective differential bearing shim that is installed under the differential bearing cup in the transmission case.

The differential includes the differential side gears and the shaft mounted differential pinion gears. Direct contact between the gears and the differential case is prevented by the differential side gear thrust washers installed under the gears. The differential pinion shaft is held in position by a differential pinion shaft lock pin that extends through the end of the differential pinion shaft and the differential case.

Reverse Gear Output Shaft

The reverse gear output shaft is supported at one end in the clutch housing and at the other in the transmission case by ball bearings.

When the reverse gear shift fork moves the reverse gear synchronizer on the reverse gear output shaft, it engages the reverse drive gear to the output shaft and drives the differential ring gear through a separate final drive pinion.

When the reverse gear rotates on the reverse gear output shaft, it reverses the power flow to the output shaft.

To engage the reverse gear, the motion of the shift fork is transferred to the reverse gearshift lever through the shift gate. When the reverse gearshift selector arm moves its end of the shift fork, the opposite end slides the reverse gear into engagement with the input shaft and output shaft reverse gears.


The synchronizers are designed to act as the torque carrying interfaces between each speed gear and corresponding output shaft.

Gear selection is made by sliding the synchronizer sleeve towards a speed gear. This causes the internal splines of the synchronizer sleeve to bridge a gap between the output hub and the external spline feature of the speed gear, thus transmitting speed and torque between the gear and output shaft. Synchronizers are small cone wet friction clutches mounted to the transmission output shaft. They are used to bring the rotation speed of the engaging speed gear in sync with the output shaft speed. After synchronous speed has been attained the final power flow connection is made possible and the synchronizer sleeve is permitted to pass by and engage the external spline teeth on the speed gear.